Sunday, December 26, 2010

How Is 40 Meter Band after March 2009

Written by Hans Blondeel Timmerman

Friday, 27 March 2009 06:45

From 29 March 2009 the band 7100-7200 kHz is allocated to the amateur service. This change took place during the WPX contest. It was good to note that most broadcasting stations disappeared at the agreed hour and that the contest stations were able to spread out over the band.

Many countries had access to this band before that date, the so called Early Access (EA in the table). Other countries were waiting for the official date before allowing their amateurs to operate in this new part of 40 meters. Unfortunately we see that in several countries the bureaucratic process takes longer than the date we already knew since WRC-2003.

country from

Austria EA since 20060202

Belgium EA since 20050901

Croatia EA since 20031226

Cyprus EA since 20041101

Czech Rep EA since 20050501

Denmark EA since 20050101

France admin process ongoing

Germany EA since 20060901

Gibraltar EA

Hungary EA since 20060525

Iceland EA since 20040419

Ireland EA since 20041020

Israel EA since 20040518

Italy EA since 20080513

Liechtenstein EA

Malta EA since 20050912

Monaco EA since 20050608

Montenegro EA

Namibia EA since 20040420

Netherlands EA since 20060606

Norway EA since 20040401

Poland EA since 20050805

Portugal special permit

Russian Federation EA since 20060427

San Marino EA since 20040225

Sao Tome EA since 200509

Saudi Arabia EA

Serbia EA

Slovakia EA since 20050120

Slovenia EA since 200606

South Africa admin process ongoing

Spain EA since 20071124

Switzerland EA since 20050101

Syria EA

United Kingdom EA since 20041031

Saturday, December 18, 2010

Frequency Chart For Radio Amateurs

Frequency Chart of most used Modes
These are the suggested starting frequencies for initiating QSOs.

As good operators you should be ever mindful of proper operating practice. No one owns a frequency, be courteous. If the frequency is busy slide up or down. This plan conforms to the newly released Considerate Operator’s Guide, published in the March 2007 issue of QST.

The following frequency are for region 2 and some maybe applicable to us in Region 3. To Harmonize the HF spectrum band plan for region 1, 2 & 3 we have to consider the following guidelines...



1.830-1.840 CW, RTTY and other narrowband modes, intercontinental QSOs only

1.825 - 1.826 DXpeditions often call her and listen 1.830 to 1.8350

1.838 MFSK

1838.150 PSK31 Calling Frequency

1.840-1.850 CW, SSB, SSTV and other wideband modes, intercontinental QSOs only

1828.5 DXpeditions CW Operations are frequently here

1.916 SSTV

80/75 METERS

3.500-3.525 CW DX & DXpedition Window

3.505 DXpeditions CW are frequently here

3.580 MFSK

3580.15 PSK-31 (offset -115 for USB)

3.590 RTTY DX

3.600  CoA  (Centre of Activity during emergency)

3.640-3.650 SSB (some Europeans will transmit here and listen above 3800kHz)

3.690-3.700 SSB (some Europeans will transmit here and listen above 3.800)

3.71 QRP Novice/Tech CW Calling Freq

3.790-3.800 SSB DX & DXpedition Window 3.799 DXpeditions SSB are frequently

here DX may transmit below 3750 KHz and listen above 3800 KHz.

3.730~3.740 SSTV Operating Frequency -- IARU Region 1

3.845 & 3.857 SSTV Operating Frequency USA/Canada

3.885 AM Calling Frequency

3.575 HELL, Region #1

3.559 HELL, Region #2

60 METERS Max ERP is 50 watts. (Experimental Not Applicable to Malaysia)

5330.5 kHz USB

5346.5 kHz USB

5366.5 kHz USB

5371.5 kHz USB

5403.5 kHz USB


7.000 - 7.010 CW DX & DXpedition Window

7.005 DXpeditions CW are frequently here

7.035~7.045 SSTV Operating Frequency -- IARU Region 1

7.035.15 PSK-31 (offset -115 for USB)FOR Region 1 and 7080.15 for region 2

7.037 MFSK

7.040 RTTY DX

7.040 to 7.099 SSB DX & DXpedition Transmit -- Listening above 7.150

7.050 XTAL Controlled Rigs

7.065 DXpedition SSB USA split to 7.150 and above

7.072.50 Most PSK31 has moved to this freq. LSB

7.110  CoA (Centre of Activity during Emergency)

7.171 & 7.172 SSTV Operating Frequency USA/Canada

7.228 * Digital SSTV, *Or after Analog Portion Of The NET ends  (Not Applicable

7.245 FAX Operating Frequency ( Not Applicable to Malaysia)

7.290 AM Calling Frequency (Not Applicable to Malaysia)

7.030-7.040 HELL


10.110 DXpeditions CW are frequently here

10140.150 PSK31

10.135-10.145 HELL

10.147 MFSK


14.025 DXpeditions are frequently here CW Freq -- Usually Split

14.063-14.070 HELL

14070.15 PSK-31 (14069.00 USB)

14.072-14.079 MFSK16

14.080 RTTY Freq & MFSK

14.100 NCDXF Beacons

14.195 Rare DX & DXpeditions Frequently Operate SSB Here --

Generally Listening Up (Split Operation)

14.225~14.235 SSTV Operating Frequency -- IARU Region 1

14.230 SSTV Operation USA/Canada

14.233 SSTV Operation USA

14.236 SSTV Operation USA

14.245 FAX Operating Frequency

14.286 AM Calling Frequency

14.300  CoA (Centre of Activity during emergency)


18.145 DXpeditions SSB are frequently here -- Usually Split

18100.150 PSK31

18.075 DXpeditions CW are frequently here -- Usually Split

18.101-18.107 HELL

18.105 MFSK

18.1625 Digital SSTV

18.160  CoA (Centre of Activity during emergency)


21.025 Rare DX & DXpeditions Frequently Operate CW Here --

Generally Listening Up (Split Operation)

21.070 PSK-31 (offset -115 for USB)

21.080 RTTY & MFSK

21.295 Rare DX & DXpeditions Frequently Operate SSB Here --

Generally Listening Up (Split Operation)

21.335~21.345 SSTV Operating Frequency -- IARU Region 1

21.340 SSTV Operating Frequency USA/Canada or Digital SSTV

21.345 FAX Operating Frequency

21.360 CoA (Centre of Activity during emergency)

21.063-21.070 HELL


24.945 Rare DX & DXpeditions Frequently Operate SSB Here --

Generally Listening Up (Split Operation)

24920.150 PSK31

24.929 MFSK

24.895 Rare DX & DXpeditions Frequently Operate CW Here --

Generally Listening Up (Split Operation)


28.025 CW Rare DX & DXpeditions Frequently Operate Here --


28.063-28.070 HELL

28070.15 PSK-31 (offset -115 for USB)

28.080 RTTY & MFSK

28.1010 10/10 Intl CW Calling Frequency

28120.150 PSK31

28.120-28.300 Beacons

28.340 Hoodlums Net, every Saturday 10 PM EST, Rock Hill, SC

28.380 10/10 SSB Intl Calling Frequency

28.425 10/10 SSB Intl Calling Frequency

28.495 SSB Rare DX & DXpeditions Frequently Operate Here --


28.600 Old General Callin Frequency - Still used by Old Timers

28.610 Local RagChew Freq. for Gastonia, NC

28.660~28.700 SSTV Operating Frequencys

28.680 SSTV Operations USA/Canada

28.690 SSTV Repeaters (K3ASI)

28.700 SSTV Repeaters

28.800 10-10 Net

28.825 10-10 Backskatter Net - Paper Chasers Net

28.885 6M DX Liaison Frequency -- Listen here for 6 Meter DX opening announcements and discussions.

28.945 FAX Operating Frequency

29.000-29.200 AM Operations

29.300-29.510 Satellite Downlinks

29.550 FM, Digital SSTV

29.520-29.580 Repeater Inputs

29.600 FM Simplex - Calling Frequency

29.620-29.680 Repeater Outputs


50.680 SSTV

50.0 - 50.1 CW


50.100 - 50.124 SSB DX


50.200 ARRL New Calling Freq.

50.125 - 50.200 SSB

50.200 - 52.00 Only during hot F2 openings do you find SSB much above 50.200.


________________________________________50.260 AM

________________________________________WSJT (high speed meteorite scatter)

51.120 FM PSK31

50.290 SSB PSK31

52.00 - 54.00 FM Repeaters

52.525 FM Simplex


144.200 SSB

145.500 FM SSTV

145.550 FM PSK31

144.144 SSB PSK31

144.390 APRS

144.140 FSK441 Meteor Scatter

144.40 - 144.44 Experimental

144.45 - 144.49 Satellite (SAREX and ARISS voice up-links)

145.00-145.09 PACKET

144.510 - 144.890 FM Repeater Inputs (Not Applicable to Malaysia)

145.110 - 145.490 FM Repeater Outputs (Not Aplicable to Malaysia)

145.710 PACKET

146.010 - 146.505 FM Repeater Inputs (Secondary)

146.400 - 146.585 FM Voice Simplex and Alternate Repeater Inputs (Not Applicable)

146.610 - 147.390 FM Repeater

147.600 - 147.990 FM Repeater

146.520  - Secondary

430-440 MHz

430.0000 - 432.0000 ATV Simplex 427.250 Video - 431.750 Audio

432.0000 - 433.0000 SSB & Weak Signal 432.100 National SSB Calling Frequency

433.0125 - 433.2000 Repeater Links

433.0000 - 439.0000 ATV Simplex Only 434.000 Video - 438.500 Audio

438.7750 - 439.5875 Repeater Links

439.6000 - 440.0000 FM Digital/Packet Operation


In 2006 The International Amateur Radio Union Region 3 Band Plan has been updated to include five emergency Centre of Activity (CoA) frequencies.

These are 3.600, 7.110, 14.300, 18.160 and 21.360 MHz. The move to adopt these frequencies made at the recent IARU Region 3 Conference, follows similar decisions at earlier IARU Region 1 and Region 2 Conferences.

CoA are not spot frequencies, but a starting point + or – 5kHz, are not the only frequencies to be used, and are not mode specific and should be considered as being 'all modes'.

Ringkasan Fakta Sejarah Radio dan Penyiaran di Malaya

Pertama sekali syukur kepada Allah S.W.T kerana telah memberi memberi rezki dan rahmat kepada kita semua. Kajian dibuat oleh saudara Muhammad Pauzi Abdul Latif mengenai Penggunaan Media Elektronik Bagi Pemuasan Di kalangan Semelai membawa kepada penemuan sejarah mula nya bidang penyiaran dan Radio Amatur.

Sejarahnya bermula pada tahun 1921 di mana beberapa orang Radio Amatur termasuk A.L Birch adalah antara orang yang pertama memulakanya. Pada tahun 1923 A. L Birch menubuhkan Johore Wireless Society dan salepas penubuhan nya kemudian barulah ujudnya beberapa persatuan lain. Pada ketika itu apa yang dipancarkan ialah music, berita dll. Kuala Lumpur Amateur Wireless Society mula membuat uji kaji pada November 1929 dan pada April 1930 ianya dengan rasminya membuat pancaran secara “regular” pada setiap petang jam 6.30pm

Dalam tahun 1931 Kuala Lumpur Amateur Radio Society (KLARS) mendapat pemancar baru “Marconi S3A” dari pihak kerajaan dan mula beroperasi May 1931. Frequency yang di gunakan adalah di sekitar 4.000 MHz dan seterusnya dua tahun kemuadian bertukar kepada 6.125 MHz dan setesyen pemancar tersebut beroperasi di Bukit Petaling dimana sekarang ini diduduki oleh Telekom Malaysia (TM).

Salepas Jepun meletakan senjata pada April 1946. Tertubuhnya Malayan Union pihak kerajaan menubuhkan Jabatan Penyiaran atau Radio Malaya.

RTM mula perkenalkan TV Hitam Putih pada 28 December 1963 dan orang yang pertama tampil di TV ialah Raja Iskandar (9M2RI) ianya di rasmikan oleh Tuanku Abdul Rahman pada jam 6.00pm bertarikh 28 Disember 1963 di pancarkan dari studio sementara di Dewan Tuanku Abdul Rahman di Jalan Ampang. Kemudian berkembanglah bahagian penyairan RTM dengan peralatan yang baru dan penambahan alat pemancar. Pada 6 Oktober 1969 akhirnya operasi penyiaran berpindah ke tempat yang sekarang ini ia itu Angkasapuri.

Pada tahun 1978 TV 2 mula beroperasi dan seterusnya pada 1978 TV Warna mula diperkenalkan di Malaysia. Pada tahun 1971 sabah mula mendapat pancaran TV nya dan seterusnya Sarawak pada tahun 1975.

Pada Jun 1983 sebuah setesyen TV swasta mula beroperasi ia itu TV3 yang ketika itu dimiliki oleh Sistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad.

Telah lama penulis mencari bahan-bahan rujukan dan fakta mengenai sejarah Radio di Malaya. Semoga dengan adanya catatan ini dapat merungkai apa yang di lakukan oleh Amatur Radio di sebelum tertubuhnya Radio Malaya dan seterusnya RTM. Terima kasih di ucapkan kepada saudara Muhammad Pauzi, Pak Alex (9M2RI). Fakta sejarah ini amat berguna kepada kita semua.

De 9M2AU 19/12/2010 Jam 0100Hrs

Untuk maklumat lengkap mengenai sejarah bidang penyiaran anda boleh baca ruangan di bawah tajuk “The History Of Radio And TV Broadcast In Malaysia “

The History Of Radio And TV Broadcast In Malaysia

Malaysia was one of the earliest British colonies to operate a radio broadcasting service. However, the British government did not show much interest in radio in its early stage of development (Asiah Sarji, 1994) Amateurs electric companies, telecommunication personnel, and radio enthusiasts were among those who started the ball rolling. In 1921 A.L Birch, the chief electrical engineer of the Johore state government, experimented with a Peto Scott type of wireless set obtained from overseas (Malay Mail July 30 1921). In 1923 he formed the Johore Wireless Society, which triggered the formation of nearly one dozen radio societies throughout Malaya.  News music, and songs from the phonograms were among the first programmes broadcast.

The first radio station was established not in Singapore but in Kuala Lumpur. It was the up-country gathering point for rubber estate workers and tin mines and also the capital of the Federated Malay States. It was an unofficial and an amateur radio club, which organized plans to creat a local service. Although experimental broadcasts of the Singapore amateur group had begun earlier, the Kuala Lumpur operation was more successful. The Kuala Lumpur Amateur Wireless Society started experimental work in November 1929 and officially commenced its regular broadcast service at 6.30 pm with “tea dance music from the Selangor Club”. A talk on the acvtivities of the radio club was also transmitted that night. For this and subsequent broadcast, the group was allowed the use of the Post and Telegraph Department transmitter located at Petaling Hil. The station had been constructed in 1928, and than rebuilt the following year to make it permanent installation. This was the the central station in the Malayan telegraphic network, but the amateurs managed to convert it to operate telephonically so that voices and music as well as morse code could be transmitted.

In 1931 the Kuala Lumpur Amateur Radio Society (KLARS) acquired its own transmitter a crystal controlled “Marconi S3A” through government channels and begun using it in May 1931. The chief enhancement afforded by the new equipment was that it operated on shortwave. By functioning on much higher frequencies, the transmitter could provide signals to cover the full length of the peninsula, parts of the Netherlands East Indies and Borneo, even though its power was only 180 watts. The post and Telegraphs Department of the Federated Malay States (FMS) was responsible once again for providing the new equipment to the amateurs, and it volunteered to “render any assistance to the society” The selection of the exact wavelength was debated upon by the members, but in the end 75 meter band (4 Mhz) was chosen as best fro reception for the whole country. After two years of operation, the station shifted to 48.92 meter band or 6.125 MHz. In 1933 more permanence was given to the amateurs when they were allocated space to construct a studio next to the transmitting room at Petaling Hill.

The broadcasting facilities came in handy for the Japanese during their occupation of three years and eight months. They used broadcasting for propaganda. After the Japanese surrender, the British military administration took charge of broadcasting. On April 1, 1946, the day the Malayan Union came, the government setup the Department of Broadcasting or Radio Malaya (Glattbach & Balakrishnan, 1978: Sarji 1994). The sole function of broadcasting until the country independence in 1957 was to help the government to control the social and political confusion that followed the war and the communist of 1948.

Radio Television Malaysia (RTM) first introduced black and white TV on December 28, 1963. The opening was done by the Prim Minister Tuanku Abdul Rahman at 6pm and the first person who appear on the TV Screen was 9M2RI ( Raja Iskandar) with the establishment of one TV network, Saluran 5 TV Malaysia which operated from its temporary studio in Dewan Tuanku Abdul Rahman in Jalan Ampang Kuala Lumpur. At that time the transmission was from 6.00pm to 9.00pm on the week days and on weekends from 6.00pm to 11.00pm. Initially its area of coverage was confined only to the capital city. Later between 1964 and 1965, the nation withnessed the greater expansion of TV transmitters. Finally on October 6, 1969 broadcast operations in the nation’s capital moved to its present site Angkasapuri. Six days later radio and TV broadcasting operations were officially merged and kept under the purview of the Malaysian Information Department on November 17, 1969, RTM started its second network. In 1969 channel 2 was launched and in 1978 colour TV was introduced. Despite the rapid development of broadcast in West Malaysia, East Malaysia received their first broadcasting programmes in 1971 (Sabah) and 1975 (Sarawak).

The first private commercial broadcasting station was established in June 1983 by Sistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad and was name as TV3. This was the decade of privatisation. It all began with the shifting to new administration from the former Prim Minister Tun Hussein Onn’s to the new administration of Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. This new administration’s firm belief in privatisation sped up the establishment of many private broadcasting stations.
De 9M2AU

Referance:  1. Thesis- by Muhammad Pauzi Bin Abd Latif UPM -2005
                   2. Raja Iskandar - 9M2RI